- Allergy Tests
- Cancer Tests
- Cardiovascular Tests
- Diabetes Tests
- Drug Tests
- Fatigue Tests
- Fertility Tests
- Health Checks
- Hormone Tests
- Mens Health
- Nutritional Tests
- STD Tests
- Womens Health
STD TEST (URINE)
A comprehensive STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) test that detects the most common STIs or Sexually Transmitted Infections and includes the following.
Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted infection.
Neisseria gonorrhoea is the second most common bacterial STI in the United Kingdom.
These two infections are well recognised and documented. The prevalence is highest in young sexually active adults, especially women ages 16 to 24 years and men ages 18 to 29 years. As most people are asymptomatic, a large proportion of patients remain undiagnosed. Untreated genital chlamydial infection may have serious long-term consequences, especially in women in whom it is a well-established cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
Mycoplasma genitalium is established clinically as a sexually transmitted infection and continues to generate interest.
Mycoplasma genitalium in male non-gonococcal urethritis has been well documented with PCR based testing and appears to be detected with the highest prevalence in men who are Chlamydia trachomatis negative.
In women Mycoplasma genitalium can be detected in the genital tract and is found most commonly in those with genital tract symptoms (cervicitis and urethritis) or those who have an infected male partner.
There is a recognised association between past infection with Mycoplasma genitalium and tubal factor infertility. Testing men with symptomatic non-gonococcal urethritis, persistent infection and recurrent symptoms after treatment, or for complications such as epididymitis and prostatitis and for women with genital tract symptoms, genital discharge, pelvic pain and intermenstrual bleeding is reasonable.
Ureaplasma urealyticum is identified similiarly as the most common cause of nongonococcal and nonchlamydial urethritis and is characterized by symptoms such as urethral discharge, dysuria and meatal swelling.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a highly prevalent sexually transmitted parasitic infection that causes an offensive vaginal discharge, associated with vulvar itching, burning, redness and swelling. Polymerase chain reaction testing (PCR) is specific for trichomonas and will outperform culture. It is pathogenic to the genitourinary tract.
In women, it lives only in the vagina and the urethra, causing urethritis and vaginitis. In men it can also cause urethritis. About 50% of women are asymptomatic carriers and the other 50% complain of symptoms. Untreated it may progress to a urethritis or cystitis. In pregnancy, the infection can be passed from a mother to a newborn daughter. In men, the infection can progress to prostatitis.
Bacterial vaginosis, formerly known as non-specific vaginitis, is the most common cause of vaginitis and is characterised by an increase in vaginal discharge and overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina, including Gardnerella vaginalis.
Although BV is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, sexual activity has been linked to development of this infection. The incidence of Bacterial vaginosis increases with the number of recent and lifetime sexual partners or new sexual partners. Gardnerella vaginalis is predominantly identified in women. Male partners are usually asymptomatic and rarely develop infections with Gardnerella vaginalis; however, the urethras of men whose sexual partners have symptoms of Bacterial vaginosis are frequently colonized with the same strain of Gardnerella vaginalis.
Herpes Simplex Virus I/II
There are two types of Herpes Simplex Virus: type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2).
Both are closely related but differ in epidemiology. Herpes Simplex Virus 1 is transmitted chiefly by contact with infected saliva, whereas Herpes Simplex Virus 2 is transmitted sexually or from a mother’s genital tract infection to her newborn.
Clinical diagnosis is sometimes difficult as patients do not always present with lesions. Cultures are helpful if the patients presents early enough but viral shedding only lasts a few days and often the lesion has crusted or disappeared by the time the patients is seen. Thus, a negative culture would not definitely rule out herpes.
Measuring Herpes Simplex Virus DNA by PCR assay is more sensitive for detecting Herpes Simplex Virus in a lesion than a viral culture and will distinguish between Herpes Simplex Virus 1 and Herpes Simplex Virus .
Trichomonas Vaginalis Test
Gardnerella Vaginalis Test
Herpes Simplex Type I/II Test